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Alfred Poell (18 March 1900 – 30 January 1968) was an Austrian operatic baritone.
Poell was born in Linz, Austria and studied medicine at the University of Innsbruck and obtained his doctorate there. He practised for a time as a neck specialist. He then turned to vocal studies at the Vienna Music Academy with Philip Forsten and Joseph von Manowarda.
He made his operatic debut at the Deutsche Oper am Rhein in Düsseldorf in 1929, where he sang for ten years and where he took part in the premiere of Ludwig Maurick's work Simplicius Simplicissimus, on 23 March 1938. He joined the Vienna State Opera in 1940, where he sang until the end of his career. He also became a regular guest at the Salzburg Festival and the Glyndebourne Festival, where he was especially admired for his Mozart singing. He made guest appearances at La Scala in Milan, the Royal Opera House in London. the Palais Garnier in Paris and other major European stages.
Besides Mozart roles, he performed in works such as Fidelio, Der Freischütz, Ariadne auf Naxos, Der Rosenkavalier, Die Frau ohne Schatten, Arabella, Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, Götterdämmerung, Palestrina, The Rape of Lucretia, Die Fledermaus, etc.
He took part in the premiere of Frank Martin's Le vin herbé in 1948, Richard Strauss's Die Liebe der Danae in 1952, and Gottfried von Einem's Der Prozeß in 1953. He also enjoyed a successful career as a concert and Lieder singer.