|Year of Birth:||1906|
|Year of Death:||1997|
Elisabeth Höngen (7 December 1906 – 7 August 1997) was a German operatic mezzo-soprano and singing-actress. She was particularly associated with Richard Wagner and Richard Strauss roles, and with Verdi's Lady Macbeth. From 1947 onward she was one of the Vienna State Opera's most prominent artists for nearly 30 years.
Höngen was born in Gevelsberg, Germany. She publicly performed as a violinist at age 15.
She studied German and music at the University of Berlin and the Berlin State School of Music. Her voice teacher was Hermann Weißenborn in Berlin, the same teacher who trained Marga Höffgen's voice 15 years later. In 1933, Höngen made her debut at the Stadttheater Wuppertal. From 1935-1940 she sang at the Düsseldorf Opera including two guest performances in the Netherlands in 1934 and 1938. In 1937, she participated in the premiere of the opera Magnus Fahlander by Fritz von Borries. From 1940 until 1943 she was a member of the Dresden opera. In 1943, she was invited to the Vienna State Opera where she stayed until her retirement.
In 1947 and 1959-60 Höngen performed at La Scala in Milano, the Covent Garden Opera House in London, the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires, the Grand Opéra in Paris, in Amsterdam, Zürich, Berlin und Munich. From 1951-52 she worked at the Metropolitan Opera in New York. She sang at the Edinburgh Festival, and performed the Fricka und Waltraute in Richard Wagner's Nibelungenring at the Bayreuther Festspiele in 1951, as well as the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino in Florence.