|Year of Birth:||1923|
|Year of Death:||1992|
Yolanda Marculescu (also Yolanda Marculescu-Stern; 2 April 1923 – 19 December 1992) was a Romanian American coloratura soprano and diva of the Romanian National Opera in Bucharest from 1948 to 1968. Fleeing the communist bloc, Marculescu became a naturalized American citizen in 1974. In the United States she founded the International Festival of the Art Song at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee in 1981. The festival was held biennially until her death in 1992.
Iolanda Mărculescu was born on 2 April 1923 in Bucharest, Romania to a family of Wallachian boyars. She studied at the Conservatory of Bucharest under the direction of the tenor Constantin Stroescu. When she was twenty years old, she joined the Romanian State Radio Chorus Ensemble. At the end of World War II, she joined the Romanian National Opera in Bucharest and by 1948 was the leading soprano.
Mărculescu married Sandu Stern, who was the first violinist of the Bucharest Symphony Orchestra and of Jewish heritage. She was the prima donna of the Bucharest Opera for 20 years, appearing in more than 1500 performances. She starred extensively throughout Europe and the Far East in engagements in Austria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Finland, Hungary, Poland, the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, as well as China and Vietnam. Some of her most noted roles were as the title role in Lakmé by Léo Delibes; Despina in Così fan tutte, Susanna in The Marriage of Figaro and Zerlina in Don Giovanni by Mozart; and Lisetta in Amorul doctor by Pascal Bentoiu. Besides Susanna, her personal favorite roles included Rosina in Rossini's The Barber of Seville; Gilda in Rigoletto and Nannetta in Falstaff, both by Verdi. Her specialty was singing lieder. In addition to performance, she taught voice at the Bucharest Music Academy from 1962 to 1968.