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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (May 7, 1840 - November 6, 1893) (Anglicised as Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky) was a Russian composer whose works included symphonies, operas, ballets, and chamber music. Some of these rate amongst the most popular concert and theatrical music in the classical repertoire.
Despite his musical precocity, Tchaikovsky was educated for a career as a civil servant, as there was scant opportunity for someone to pursue a musical career in Russia at that time, nor any system of public music education. When an opportunity for such an education arose, however, he entered the then-nascent Saint Petersburg Conservatory, from where he graduated in 1865. The formal Western-oriented training he received there set him apart from composers of the contemporary nationalist movement embodied by the Russian composers of The Five, with whom his professional relationship was mixed.