Liebestod (Mild und leise)

Opera details:

Opera title:

Tristan und Isolde

Composer:

Richard Wagner

Language:

German

Synopsis:

Tristan und Isolde Synopsis

Libretto:

Tristan und Isolde Libretto

Translation(s):

English

Aria details:

Also known as:

Mild und leise

Type:

aria

Role(s):

Isolde

Voice(s):

Soprano

Act:

3.18-1

Previous scene: Tristan! Tristan! Isolde!
Next scene: Mild und leise wie er lächelt

Félia Litvinne, Liebestod, Wagner: Tristan und Isolde (with Alfred Cortot, piano, G&T, c.1902)

Singer(s): Emma Calvé Nina Koshetz Lilli Lehmann Germaine Lubin Milka Ternina Lillian Nordica Teresa Stolz Pauline Viardot Cornélie Falcon Félia Litvinne

(By request from transformingart) The great Russian-French dramatic soprano Félia Litvinne (1860-1936) in "Mild und leise" (Liebestod) from Act 3 of Wagner's Tristan und Isolde. She was accompanied by the great French pianist Alfred Cortot on the piano. The recording was made around 1902 for the Gramophone and Typewriter Company.

The following biogreaphical notes come from Subito-Cantabile ("Félia Litvinne (her real name was Françoise-Jeanne Schütz) was born in 1860 in St Petersburg, her father being Russian and her mother a French-Canadian. She was brought up under the strong French influence of her mother, and always regarded herself as being French. Litvinne studied in Paris with Mme Barth-Banderoli, then with Giovanni Sbriglia and Pauline Viardot-García. She made her debut at the Théâtre des Italiens, in 1883, deputizing for the famous diva Mme Fidès-Devriès, as Amelia in Verdi's Simon Boccanegra. After some appearances as Elvira in Ernani, the theatre's co-director, Victor Maurel, invited her to join him on a tour of the French provinces. After guest appearances at Genova and Barcelona she toured the United States with the Mapleson Opera Company. Back in Europe, she made the usual progression through the principal opera houses, to Moscow (1890), St Petersburg (1890, 1899-1914), Brussels (1886-1888) and the Paris Grand Opéra, where she debuted as Valentine in Meyerbeer's Les Huguenots. It was with Gluck's Armide she enjoyed one of her greatest successes in her career. She appeared at La Scala (1890-1896) as Gertrude opposite Emma Calvé as Salome in Thomas' Hamlet. Her marriage in 1893 did not prove to be a long lasting affair. She returned to the stage in 1895, this time to the Met as Donna Anna, Gertrude, Aida, Sélika in Meyerbeer's L'Africaine, Chimène in Massenet's Le Cid, the Siegfried Brünnhilde and Isolde. However, in matters of artistic conviction and authority she could not compare neither with Milka Ternina nor Lilli Lehmann, and her voice was not considered the equal of Lillian Nordica 's brilliance. Litvinne was not invited to return to the Met. Back in France she took part in a variety of leading Wagnerian occasions with the Lamoureux concerts and at the Grand Opéra. It was as Isolde that she made her Covent Garden debut in 1899. She later sang there Gioconda, Donna Anna and Aida, but the public favorized her in Wagnerian parts. Russia saw her in several Russian Ring cycles (1899-1914). Cortot conducted her in a series of Götterdämmerung and Tristan, opposite Charles Dalmorès. After her retirement from the stage in 1916, she taught singing in Paris. Among her many successful students were Germaine Lubin and Nina Koshetz. Her sister Hélène Schütz was married to the famous French-Polish bass Edouard de Reszke. Félia Litvinne's memoirs "Ma Vie et Mon Art - Souvenirs", edited by Andrew Farkas, Ayer Company Publishers Inc., ISBN 0405096917 is highly recommended.


Litvinne's voice was a dramatic soprano of great range, encompassing easily the high C, but she also possessed a remarkable coloratura technique, quite unusual in such a large voice. The dark mezzo color of her voice belonged to the French tradition of Teresa Stolz and Marie Cornélie Falcon. Her first series of records from 1902 were all accompanied by the great French pianist, Alfred Cortot. Later she recorded for Fonotipia.

Félia Litvinne is certanily one of the most important dramatic sopranos to be heard on records within the first decade of the 20th century. "D'amor sull'ali rosee" is remarkable for her voice with its attractive mezzo-like timbre, the legato and steady flow singing, and note her magnificent trills! "Einsam in trüben Tagen" is a beautiful example of her Wagner singing."

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Libretto/Lyrics/Text/Testo:

Mild und leise
wie er lächelt,
wie das Auge
hold er öffnet ---
Seht ihr's, Freunde?
Seht ihr's nicht?
Immer lichter
wie er leuchtet,
stern-umstrahlet
hoch sich hebt?
Seht ihr's nicht?
Wie das Herz ihm
mutig schwillt,
voll und hehr
im Busen ihm quillt?
Wie den Lippen,
wonnig mild,
süßer Atem
sanft entweht ---
Freunde! Seht!
Fühlt und seht ihr's nicht?
Hör ich nur diese Weise,
die so wundervoll und leise,
Wonne klagend,
alles sagend,
mild versöhnend
aus ihm tönend,
in mich dringet,
auf sich schwinget,
hold erhallend
um mich klinget?
Heller schallend,
mich umwallend ---
Sind es Wellen
sanfter Lüfte?
Sind es Wogen
wonniger Düfte?
Wie sie schwellen,
mich umrauschen,
soll ich atmen,
soll ich lauschen?
Soll ich schlürfen,
untertauchen?
Süß in Düften
mich verhauchen?
In dem wogenden Schwall,
in dem tönenden Schall,
in des Welt-Atems wehendem All ---
ertrinken,
versinken ---
unbewußt ---
höchste Lust!

English Libretto or Translation:

Mildly and gently,
how he smiles,
how the eye
he opens sweetly ---
Do you see it, friends?
Don’t you see it?
Brighter and brighter
how he shines,
illuminated by stars
rises high?
Don’t you see it?
How his heart
boldly swells,
fully and nobly
wells in his breast?
How from his lips
delightfully, mildly,
sweet breath
softly wafts ---
Friends! Look!
Don’t you feel and see it?
Do I alone hear this melody,
which wonderfully and softly,
lamenting delight,
telling it all,
mildly reconciling
sounds out of him,
invades me,
swings upwards,
sweetly resonating
rings around me?
Sounding more clearly,
wafting around me ---
Are these waves
of soft airs?
Are these billows
of delightful fragrances?
How they swell,
how they sough around me,
shall I breathe,
Shall I listen?
Shall I drink,
immerse?
Sweetly in fragrances
melt away?
In the billowing torrent,
in the resonating sound,
in the wafting Universe of the World-Breath ---
drown,
be engulfed ---
unconscious ---
supreme delight!